Pronouns

Pronouns
Hawaiian has singular, dual and plural forms and inclusive and exclusive forms.

When using the "Inclusive form", you are including the person you are speaking to.
When using the "Exclusive form", you are not including the person you are speaking to.

Pronouns
Person Singular Dual Inclusive Dual Exclusive Plural Inclusive Plural Exclusive
First au I kaua we two maua we two (me and him, her) kakou all of us (including you) makou we all (not including you)
Second oe you olua you two oukou you all
Third ia he, she, it laua the two of them lâkou they


Object Pronouns
Person Singular Dual Inclusive Dual Exclusive Plural Inclusive Plural Exclusive
First ia'u me ia kaua us two (me and you) ia maua us two (me and him, her) ia kakou all of us (including you) ia makou all of us (not including you)
Second iâ 'oe you ia olua you two ia oukou you all
Third iâ ia him, her, it ia laua the two of them ia lakou them


Person Singular Dual Inclusive Dual Exclusive Plural Inclusive Plural Exclusive
First no'u by/for me no kaua by/for us two (me and you) no maua by/for us two (me and him, her) no kakou by/for all of us (including you) no makou by/for all of us (not including you)
Second nou by/for you no olua by/for you two no oukou by/for you all
Third nona by/for him, her, it no laua by/for the two of them no lakou by/for them


For/ By with A-Form Pronouns
Person Singular Dual Inclusive Dual Exclusive Plural Inclusive Plural Exclusive
First na'u by/for me na kaua by/for us two (me and you) na maua by/for us two (me and him, her) na kakou by/for all of us (including you) na makou by/for all of us (not including you)
Second nau by/for you na olua by/for you two na oukou by/for you all
Third nana by/for him, her, it na laua by/for the two of them na lakou by/for them


Possessive Pronouns
For a description of O class and A class, see the "Nouns Markers" section.

Person O class
A class
 Neutral
First Sing
(my)
ko'u ka' u
 ku'u
Second Sing
(your)
kou kau  ko
Third Sing
(his, her, its)
kona kana  
First Dual Inclusive
(mine and your)
ko kaua
ka kaua
 
First Dual Enclusive
(mine and his/hers)
ko maua ka makou  
Second Dual
(you two's)
ko olua ka olua  
Third Dual
(the two of them's)
ko laua ka laua  
First Pl Inclusive
(all of ours)
ko kakou ka kakou  
First Pl Enclusive
(ours but not your)
ko makou ka makou  
Second Pl
(all of yours)
ko oukou ka oukou  
Third Pl
(theirs)
ko laua ka lakou  

He puke ko'u. = It's my book.
Ko'u. = It's mine.
He ilio ko'u. = It's his dog.
Kona. = It's his.

Compound Pronouns
To make constructions such as I myself, you would add iho after the pronoun; au iho.

Aole au iho piliwi ia ia.= I, myself, don't believe it.
He no'u iho o'u makana.= I have a gift for myself.

Identifying Pronouns
Use no for such and hookahi no for very/same.
HawaiianEnglish
he kanaka nosuch a person
ho'okahi no mahuakanethe same father
ka mea novery/same thing


Indefinite Pronouns
HawaiianEnglish
nui many, much
kini many (a multitude)
ka poe a pau all, everyone
kekahi a few, some
he wahi a little, few
lawa enough
wale only
ole no (one)
kekahi any (one)
aohe kanaka nobody
pâhaki each (one)
kiakahi only one
ka mea one


HawaiianEnglish
olenothing
nelenothing
aohe kanakanobody
aohe meanobody
kekahianyone
kekahi meaanyone
kekahi kanakasomeone
kekahi measomeone
aohe meano one


Relative Pronoun
There is no relative pronoun (who, which, that). The particle ai is used in a similar manner.